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renal calculi

aetiology of renal calculi

radio-opaque stones (90%)

calcium stones

cystine stones

  • congenital cystinuria
  • hereditary cystinosis

silicate stones

radio-lucent stones

urate stones

  • with hyperuricaemia
  • with normouricaemia
    • idiopathic
    • concentrated acid urine

aetiology of radiographic patterns of nephrocalcinosis

coarse medullary

  • primary renal tubular acidosis
  • milk-alkali syndrome
  • primary hyperoxaluria
  • idiopathic hypercalcuria
  • idiopathic


diffuse cortical (rare)

renal_calculi.txt · Last modified: 2011/10/25 09:11 by

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