high anion gap
a high anion gap indicates that there is loss of HCO3− without a concurrent increase in Cl−.
electroneutrality is maintained by the elevated levels of anions like lactate, beta-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate, PO4−, and SO4−. These anions are not part of the anion-gap calculation and therefore a high anion gap results.
low anion gap
anion_gap.txt · Last modified: 2010/01/18 13:44 (external edit)