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nerve_agents

nerve agents / nerve gases / CBR weapons

Introduction

  • man-made chemical agents which primarily affect the nervous system in a similar manner to many pesticides
  • they are generally liquid at room temperature, can mix with water and evaporate readily to odorless or near-odorless vapors which are heavier than air
  • they tend to be readily absorbed through skin
  • the main nerve agents are the chemicals:
    • sarin (GB)
    • soman (GD)
    • tabun (GA)
    • VX
    • Novichok
      • a series of binary chemical weapons developed by the Soviet Union and Russia between 1971 and 1993
      • some variants possibly five to eight times more potent than VX, some up to ten times more potent than soman
      • 1995: the forerunner of Novichok agents, substance-33 (frequently also referred to simply as “Novichok”) was reportedly used to poison Russian banker Ivan Kivelidi [ru], and Zara Ismailova, his secretary.
      • 2018: UK government said that a Novichok agent had been used in an attack in the English city of Salisbury on 4 March 2018 in an attempt to kill former GRU officer Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia.
        • Charlie Rowley and Dawn Sturgess found a perfume bottle in the park and in June 2018 also developed severe symptoms and being found unconscious in their house with Dawn Sturgess later dying from the exposure.

Clinical features

nerve_agents.txt · Last modified: 2020/09/01 03:07 by gary1

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